cigarette smoke

Cigarette smoke can disfigure your heart

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Exposure to prolonged puffing can perk up levels of a stress hormone in the heart that can potentially reshape the left ventricle, according to new research.

In a Chicago University (Illinois) [CUI] study using rats as animal model, a five-week exposure to cigarette smoke was associated with the activation of enzymes called mitogen-activated protein kinases that govern cell growth and survival in heart muscle.Read More »Cigarette smoke can disfigure your heart