By Qaisar Sultan
What makes fractionalization a fact of life in the countries with ethnic and religious diversity? The other question we may ask is: How far does ethnic fissure impinge on the peace and tranquility and progress of the country. The answer to the first question is simply lies in one word “Injustice”; it may be perceived or real. First of all there are separate identities of people that go as far as thousand years or few hundred years. There are clans, tribes, set of culture with distinct habits, language and traditions; the rest of social attitudes come with those backgrounds. The language barriers create some structural difficulties in ethnic relations and most of the time encourages disassociation. The dominant language or the official language comes in the way of acceptance. In so many countries, such as Turkey and Iraq, Kurds complained that their language was ignored; and thereby their children are not taught the culture and language. Bengalis in East Pakistan, now Bangladesh, felt cheated when Pakistani official language was Urdu. The fact is that those who are not proficient in official language has clear disadvantage. One of the most powerful factors is religion of people; as we have seen in Iraq and Serbia. It is also important to understand that at a given time in the history of people, people start seeing the subtle differences and blow them out of proportion. Usually, during the tough economic times the ethnic differences intensify based on the distributional struggle; sometimes the impression of detestation due to the inequity becomes violent. When there is little to go around and the meek resources are squandered in corruption, the infighting begins. If the minority forgets and forgives, the majority attempts to take as much as the situation allows. The second factor is the intense feelings of one or the other group claim on the resources create strong ethnic identities. Now, those groups that have power dictate the terms of social harmony and try to control the resources and power. One of the most intriguing issues for the social scientists is to study and understand the claims of indigenous people on power and resources. But most European and other regions have experienced something very different.Read More »Gulf of ethnic differences
Overseas Pakistanis Foundation (OPF) has decided to formulate a comprehensive policy, to establish new education institutions for children of Overseas Pakistanis.
In the meeting of Board of Governors (BOG), the Board evaluated the performance of OPF Educational Institutions and stressed upon the OPF management to improve the academic and administrative standards of all the institutions.Read More »Overseas Pakistanis Foundation to set up more academic institutions
PROFESSOR ALI SUKHANVER
The Higher Education Commission (HEC), under its Foreign Funded Scholarship Programme (FFSP), is facilitating Pakistani students to avail 10 scholarships offered by the Moroccan Agency of International Cooperation (AMCI) for the academic year 2011-12.
Read More »Islamabad: Higher Education Commission announces Moroccan scholarships
By Muhammad Yasir
KARACHI: Smartphone handsets sales have been increasing in the local markets with emerging technology trends and different user-friendly applications, industry stakeholders said.
Local market for smartphone is very secure and thriving – though not in substantial numbers but it’s significant keeping in view the economy situation and purchasing power of the local customers.Read More »Smartphone sales on the rise in Pakistani markets
LAHORE: Brigadier (retd) Imtiaz Ahmed, former director-general of Intelligence Bureau (IB), who also served as the in-charge of ISI’s Internal Security Wing, has said that terrorism was introduced for the first time in the history of Pakistan with the hijacking of a PIA plane from Peshawar to Kabul in 1981, not by a stand-alone terrorist outfit, but through an organised state-sponsored terrorist act. Read More »State sponsored 1981 PIA plane hijack: Brig Imtiaz
Politicians belonging to different parties, retired army generals and members of civil society Monday created a non-political forum – Centre for Discussions and Solutions (CDS) – with ex-Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) chief Qazi Hussain Ahmed as its convener to promote national thinking on national issues and the problems being faced by the country.
Read More »ISLAMABAD: Non-political forum formed to promote national thinking
Dr Jassim Taqui
In the next decade the United States would be out of Afghanistan and Iraq. The American dominance would be in retreat. In terms of military, America will remain overwhelming military power in the world but would withdraw from aggressive operations in the world to a model of regional balances of power, which Washington maintains and manipulates when necessary. Read More »The new decade: How to live in a dangerous world
Director General of Pakistan Geological Survey, Dr. Imran Ahmed Khan has said that earthquake of a magnitude of 8.6 or higher might hit Pakistan this year.
Read More »8.6 Or higher magnitude earthquake may hit Pakistan this year