Jan 282018


One of the most painful and agonizing problems of today’s world is the increasing use and production of drugs and narcotics. The developed countries like UK, USA, Japan and even the countries like Pakistan and India have been trying their best to put a strict check on the production and use of narcotics but they have yet not succeeded in wiping off this ‘evil’ from their societies. However, the situation in Afghanistan like war-stricken countries is more horrible as there is no one willing to tackle with this epidemic-like menace. Recently United Nations Office on Drugs and Narcotics released a report on production of poppy and opium in Afghanistan. According to the report a record high 63% in 2017 was observed in production of opium and poppy. The report says the factors behind this horrible increase are political instability, lack of government control, poor security and corruption of the government machinery responsible for keeping an eye on illegal cultivation of opium and poppy. During the last year of Taliban governance, the production was reduced to merely 221 tons which has now reached 9,000 tons in 2017; earlier in 2016 it was 4,800 tons. The rate of increase is somewhere around 87%. During that period, the US authorities had been blaming that the Taliban were sponsoring the poppy crop but the facts and figures are telling an absolutely different story. According to the UN report poppy cultivation has expanded in the areas of Balkh, Jowzjan, Baghlan, and Sari Pul provinces which had never been under Taliban control. More interesting is the fact that these areas were entirely free of poppy-production a few years back. It is a common notion that the production of narcotics in Afghanistan has manifold increased with the increase of the US influence and interference in Afghanistan. Analysts say that the US and other invading actors require huge funds for running their covert operations in Afghanistan and there could be no other source more lucrative than drugs and narcotics in this regard. So they have to promote and supervise the illegal production of narcotics. And this is nothing new; organizations like CIA and Black Water also use such means of ‘fund-raising’ for the completion of the missions assigned to them. Unfortunately this basic reason is the biggest hurdle in the way to curb the menace of use and production of narcotics in USA, Afghanistan and other countries. War torn countries like Afghanistan provide more cordial environment for such harmfully illegal activities.

In July 2016, The Global Research published an article of Timothy Alexander Guzman. The writer referred to a report of The Center for Disease Control published in 2015. It said that heroin use in the United States increased 63% from 2002 through 2013. The writer said commenting upon the present situation, “Fast forward to 2016, heroin is sweeping across the United States at unprecedented levels.” The article further said, “In the suburbs of Long Island, NY, heroin use is an increasing problem. According to www.suburbanheroin.com a website devoted to the heroin epidemic on Long Island states that in 2012 – 2013 more than 242 people died from heroin use. Long Island is home to some of the wealthiest communities in New York State which goes to show that heroin is affecting all neighborhoods rich and poor.” It shows that use of drugs and narcotics is not limited to some particular strata of US society and this fact also indicates towards the reality that some of the US soldiers posted there in Afghanistan might be addicted to drugs and narcotics. It has also been reported in media that a high number of Afghan Defence Forces personnel is also habitual poppy user and hence carries low morale and physical health. This all is happening in Afghanistan under very watchful eyes of the USA, no doubt an elite superpower of the world. USA most of the time plays a very positive role in making the world a place worth living , though the people living in the South-Asian region may have an opinion otherwise. The menace of use and production of drugs and narcotics could not be controlled rather crushed down unless the US accepts it as a challenge. Particularly in Afghanistan, all terrorist and criminal activities would simply start breathing their last if the production and use of poppy and opium is successfully controlled as the production of poppy and opium provides ‘Financial Oxygen’ to these evil activities. This is certainly not an easy job but the world around is very much confident that US has all ability of changing every impossible into possible. With the determination of US, Afghanistan could very soon become a land free of drugs and narcotics.

 Posted by at 4:55 pm
Jan 272018

The Ministry of Commerce on Monday issued a clarification for the information of general public and stakeholders including overseas Pakistanis about the recent decisions taken for streamlining the process of facilitating import of used vehicles in the country.

Overseas Pakistanis have the facility of importing used cars under Baggage, Gift and Transfer of Residence schemes. The use of this provision in the Import Policy was never intended for commercial imports, the ministry said.

It was further stated that: “In order to remove chances of any continued misuse of the scheme, without reducing its availability to the genuine beneficiaries, that is overseas Pakistanis, a provision was added in the Import Policy to allow for the payment of Duties and Taxes on such import in foreign exchange by the importer (overseas Pakistani) from his own bank account.”

“This is to make sure that no one else imports in the name of that beneficiary. Due consideration is, however, being given to the fact that there was an inventory of vehicles in transit while this decision was being taken or under implementation. In order to avoid undue hardship, a facilitating provision is being finalized for the vehicles in transit only as a one-time dispensation.”

The ministry noted with concern that there are statements being issued by some office bearers of an association which might convey the impression as if this new provision of policy is being done away for all future imports.

“It is therefore clarified that the commercial importers were neither the intended beneficiaries nor the rightful stakeholders in the matter of import of used vehicles under the Baggage, Gift and Transfer of Residence schemes,” the ministry added.

It further mentioned that it is for the benefit of overseas Pakistanis and the provision of payment of duties and taxes from their accounts has become part of the import policy after due deliberations at the Economic Coordination Committee of the Cabinet.

The Ministry of Commerce warned that anyone making any further imports in the hope of any expected change in this policy will do so at his own risk and the Customs authorities will be advised to confiscate such vehicles or take any other legal action meant to deal with illegal imports. The ministry does not intend to make any changes in this provision of policy except for the vehicles stuck up in the transit.

 Posted by at 12:28 pm
Jan 252018


Joys and sorrows; success and failure; blames and appreciations; life is certainly a strange collection of contradictions. On one hand the world around has joined hands together to blame and defame Pakistan for religious extremism, inter-sect intolerance and for patronizing terrorist and terrorism but at the same time on the other hand there are people, certainly not Muslims, who seem thankful to Pakistan for taking care of their places of worship in Pakistan and for providing all basic religious rights to the minorities living in Pakistan as citizens and even to those who come to Pakistan for visiting their places of worship. The Sikh community is a wonderful example in this regard. Our Sikh brothers are always obliged and thankful to Pakistan for showering kindness and hospitality onto the members of their community. On 20th Jan 2018 at Asia Pacific University Kuala Lumpur, a book launching seminar was organized by the Malaysian-Sikh community. The title of the book is ‘Lost Heritage-the Sikh Legacy in Pakistan, the Quest Continues.’ Singapore based Mr. Amardeep Singh is the author of this book. Earlier he had penned-down a book on the same topic; this one is his second book. Mr. Mohammad Nafees Zakria, the High Commissioner of Pakistan was invited to the seminar as the Chief Guest. The book in itself is a documented proof of the fact that Pakistan is a land of safety and security for the minorities particularly for the Sikh community. The author of the book Mr. Amardeep Singh was also there to express his views on the occasion. In his address he told the audience about the warm welcome extended to him by the people of Pakistan during his frequent visits to the country for the completion of his research work on the topic. He appreciated Pakistani authorities for their warm hospitality and complete support by providing him logistics, security and access to the innumerable Sikh heritage sites across Pakistan. In short the seminar at the Asia Pacific University Kuala Lumpur became the voice of the whole Sikh community in favour and appreciation of Pakistan.

Pakistan is a land enriched with precious cultural heritage of many ancient civilizations and religions and this precious heritage is taken care by a nation which always follows a tolerant, hospitable, and just policy towards adherents of all faiths and religions including Sikhs. There are13 major Gurdwara Sahibs in Pakistan and the government of Pakistan in consultation with Pakistani Sikh community is constantly striving to upgrade and restore historical Sikh sites in phases. Recently, 3 major Gurdwaras have been rehabilitated in Lahore. Every year thousands of Sikhs come to Pakistan from various parts of the world to visit their religious places and most of the times while going back to their home they say that Pakistan is their second home and they never feel they are strange here. As far as the Sikh community is concerned, the people of Pakistan have a special kind of sincere love for this community. It is only because of the warm welcoming tradition of the people of Pakistan that in 2017 over 70,000 Sikh pilgrims visited their sacred places in Pakistan and it is being anticipated that the number of Sikh pilgrims to Pakistan would keep on increasing in the coming years.

Pakistan, being a Muslim society knows it very well what the rights of the minorities are. Here, in every field of life the minorities enjoy complete opportunities of making progress and a complete freedom of leading their lives according to their own will. It is also true that sometimes someone from a minority has to face some unpleasant situation but that is always at individual or personal level. As a nation and as a country Pakistan provides all possible safety and security to all minorities along with all possible opportunities of making progress. If we talk of the Sikh community, we find its members in Pakistani Parliament, the Armed Forces and the civil services as well as in show-business and journalism. It is not only limited to the Sikh community only; we have examples from the Hindus and the Christian community too. From honourable Justice A. R. Cornelius to honourable Justice Bhagwan Das, there had been so many others who played a very important role in making Pakistan’s a very successful society.  Harcharan Singh became the first Sikh Officer of Pakistan’s army. Another Sikh officer named Sikh Amarjit Singh joined the Pakistan Rangers in 2010; the same year another Sikh young man joined the Pakistan Coast Guard. A report on the status of the Sikh community in Pakistan says, ‘ Recently in Lahore greetings, such as sat sari kaal, jo bolay so nihal and ballay ballay from car and bus drivers, motorcyclists and children were being yelled out to Gulab Singh, the first-ever Sikh to be appointed as a traffic police warden in Pakistan.’ Commenting on his training process, Gulab Singh said talking to media, “The attitude of my fellow trainees and officers was very good towards me. Nobody ever forced me to do anything against my religious beliefs.” He said he had no problems wearing his kara or keeping his kirpan on him. He added that green meals were arranged for him in the mess during the training period as he was a vegetarian. In spite of the propaganda move run by the forces hostile to Pakistan, all these incidents and happenings prove that Pakistan is a safe-land for all minorities whether they belong to Pakistan or some other country. Certainly some people would not agree but fact of the matter is that today countries like India and US have become more dangerous for the minorities particularly. After Mr. Trump’s insulting remarks on the black people; situation has become more agonizing and more painful for the racial and religious minorities in US.

 Posted by at 2:29 pm
Jan 202018


Real estate agents have demanded the government to announce a general amnesty scheme for investors in real estate across the country without further delay to stop investment outflow to UAE and other countries of the world. In a press statement issued here on Wednesday, Muhammad Ahsan Malik, the General Secretary of Real Estate Consultants Association (RECA) DHA Islamabad and Executive Member of Federation of Realtors (FOR) Pakistan said Pakistanis had invested billions of rupees in other countries due to absence of amnesty scheme and irrational taxation polices. He said that the new taxes enforced on the real estate in July 2016 had drastically affected the investment in in the real estate sector and thousands of young people associated with this sector had become jobless. He clarified that the government had recently taken some very positive steps to protect the investment in real estate sector which included the revision of the FBR evaluation rate in January, 2018 which was wrongly imposed in 2016. “It’s a very positive step and we are extremely indebted to Advisor to Prime Minister for Revenue Mr Haroon Akhtar Khan and Federal Minister for Commerce and Textile Industry Mr. Malik Muhammad Parvez for this, but without general amnesty scheme and reduction in taxes, the real estate could not flourish at all,” he added. Ahsan Malik said that they wanted to pay tax but the property tax imposed from July 1 206 had been highly unjustified, excessive and unilateral. The association’s General Secretary further said that this irrational taxation was also hurting the economic situation in Pakistan. He requested that the government should consult the property dealers and real estate consultants before imposing any taxes in the real estate sector.

 Posted by at 8:15 pm
Jan 192018


Must the ISI sit down peacefully and observe silently the notorious activities of the forces hostile to Pakistan. What do the CIA, the MI6 and other intelligence agencies of different countries do when their country is in some trouble or facing some internal or external threat? Certainly silence becomes a crime when action is required; so this is what the ISI is doing; it is taking action to save its motherland from the cruel hands of intriguers, intruders and conspirators. ISI is not a state within the state as some of our ‘well-wishers’ have been blaming since long, it in itself is a state and the name of this state is Pakistan. ISI does what it thinks is better in the larger interest of Pakistan. Its working is simply based on very sacred passions of love and of sacrifice. It is because of these passions that we always find the name of this intelligence agency among the list of the best intelligence agencies all over the world. Even the enemies of Pakistan admit the supremacy of ISI regarding professional perfection. S. Dulat is the commonly known name of Amarjit Singh Dulat. He is a former special director of the Intelligence Bureau and former chief of the Research and Analysis Wing. He served as the Head of Research and Analysis Wing from 1999 to 2000. After retirement he was appointed as advisor on Kashmir in the Prime Minister’s Office and served there from January 2001 to May 2004. He is considered the brain and heart of the RA&W. Last year someone asked him which the most powerful intelligence agency is in his opinion. He abruptly replied, “The most powerful intelligence agency is either KGB which no more exists or the ISI, because they are very anonymous.” Certainly A.S. Dulat is a true professional and his comments about the supremacy of the ISI count a lot but for most of the countries it seems difficult to accept the supremacy pointed out by A.S.Dulat. It may be a sense of fear or a feeling of insecurity of the forces hostile to Pakistan that this most powerful intelligence agency always remains under their criticism. Targeting the ISI and looking at it with suspicious eyes is nothing new; it is an old tradition of our friends all around us particularly in the USA. It is not only the desire of US, India and Israel, there are so many others including Afghanistan who wish that a ban must be imposed on the ISI because they feel this organization is a threat and a challenge to their hegemonic and notorious designs against Pakistan. Almost seven years back in 2010, the Reuters published a report by Michael Georgy with the title, ‘Pakistan’s ISI, a hidden, frustrating power for U.S.’ The report said, “Top U.S. defense officials are concerned that some elements of Pakistan’s main spy agency may be interacting improperly with the Taliban and other insurgent groups.ISI is the most powerful intelligence agency in Pakistan, a country the United States sees as indispensable to its efforts to tame a raging Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan.” The report further said, “The shadowy military intelligence agency has evolved into what some describe as a state within a state. It is believed to have a hidden role in many of the nuclear-armed nation’s policies, including in Afghanistan. The ISI is seen as the Pakistani equivalent of the U.S. Central Agency (CIA) — with which it has had a symbiotic but sometimes strained relationship — and Israel’s Mossad.” Another report published by Wikipedia highlighted ISI’s activities in the US said, “The Inter–Services Intelligence has been alleged or previously documented by various authors of running an active military intelligence program in the United States, as well as operational activities related to America outside the country. The ISI has reportedly been suspicious about CIA’s attempted penetration of Pakistani nuclear assets, and CIA’s alleged intelligence gathering in the Pakistan’s tribal areas along the Afghan border. Based on these suspicions, it was speculated that the ISI was pursuing counter-intelligence against CIA operations in Pakistan and Afghanistan.” In short everyone including US admits that the ISI has always been doing all best possible in the larger interest of Pakistan, and certainly it is the job and duty of the ISI to keep an eye on the activities of the forces hostile to Pakistan and to counter every effort that may be harmful to Pakistan.

Why the world is so much worried about the working of the ISI, I could never understand. Every intelligence agency works for the safety and security of the country it belongs to. It must be appreciated that the ISI is performing its duty honestly and successfully same as the CIA, FBI, MI6, Mossad and other intelligence agencies do for their respective countries. As far as the allegation of being a state within the state is concerned, this allegation has been ‘awarded’ to almost all intelligence agencies of the world. In this particular reference, the term of Deep State is getting very much popular in US now-a-days.  This term describes ‘a form of alleged cabal that coordinates efforts by government employees and others to influence state policy without regard for democratically elected leadership’. Alfred W. McCoy, a Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin–Madison states that the increase in the power of the U.S. intelligence community since the September 11 attacks has built a fourth branch of the U.S. government that is in many ways autonomous from the executive, and increasingly so. An important point to be noticed here is that in USA, which is no doubt a country considered as the very center of democratic trends and traditions, where there is a lot of resources and which has no threat from any side and anyone, the intelligence agencies are playing a role stronger than the government; they are running there a state within the state but it is very ironical that our friends in America expect from Pakistani intelligence agencies a role which is totally inactive rather passive.

 Posted by at 5:13 pm
Jan 102018

By Muhammed Javed

A Jeddah daily the other day carried a news item that His Lordship Chief Justice of Pakistan has said that the Court will determine the mode of the medical college fees.   The SC also observed that it would give preference to adjudicating upon cases related to health and education sectors during the current year 2018.  It is a laudable step of our Honourable Lordships.   Rightly, majority of the talk-show participants acknowledged that the two biggest problems of the commoners were non availability of education and health facilities to their children.   I pray God complete success of My Lordship in his sincere effort, though inside of his heart this senior citizen is a bit afraid of as so far he can’t recall having seen, in to to, getting practically such ambitious seeing light of the day.  For example, about 25 years ago My Lordships took suo moto on smoke omitting rickshaws on Karachi roads, issued some directives and made Karachi Bar Association a monitoring supervisor.  On my mentioning, an old illiterate rickshaw driver said to me “Sahib, those who wished so they themselves will soon forget and our rickshaws would remain the same”.  And it did.  Rickshaw smoke on M.A. Jinnah road in front of Karachi Bar Association and on Burns Road in front of SHC never finished by “directive” but change to CNG reduce the condensation.


  1. However, this senior citizen has a great, deep inside his heart, wish that My Lordship takes up, on more priority than medical colleges fees, the black coats fees.    If memories of this old man, in his age group generally called hanging legs in grave, are not bent to fail him, he does remember somewhere recently an Honourable SC Judge having mentioned about the exorbitant fees of lawyers.


  1. Since the good news that ریاست ہوگی ماں کے جیسی, the fees of black coats have skyrocketed like their becoming a new super-tiger “Force” in the country.   After paying demanded Fee, one can’t today be sure if his Lawyer would definitely appear in the Hearing.   When our higher judiciary took a “new birth” and almost every evening we the ordinary heard Mr. Iftikhar Mohammad Choudhary raising the hopes of masses on this issue and on that, one fine morning this “old fool” sent him a copy of a pre-printed “Blank” وکالت نامہfrom a Lawyer, a litigant plaintiff or defendant required to sign.  Different Lawyers have, for their convenience, printed their own blank wakalatnamas.  The hiring litigant, as per the above blank I sent to Mr. Iftikhar Choudhary, agreed that it would be his (litigant’s) duty to trace and inform the Lawyer when the Court called the parties to the Rostrum.  What time from 08.00 to 04.00 the court will call a case, no one can predict as for an ordinary litigant is concerned.  It is too hard to know “on the call” where could be sitting his lawyer; in cafeteria discussing politics, which corner of the judicial complex or in which court etc. The litigant, under the وکالت نامہ,  undertakes that after having paid fees as demanded, he would not hold the Lawyer response if the case went ex parte due to non-attendance of the Lawyer.  Great Choudhary Sahib who had painted green heavens in the media, appeared to have taken no note of this “public Interest” issue from this old man, perhaps because it was against the interest of those black coats on whose shoulders he came back.


  1. Well know anchor Rauf Klasra in his talk show 20 December 2017 mentioned a very senior lawyer who is often seen on mini screen and had been a Governor.  According to Rauf, in the poor hopeless ability of this senior citizen translating Rauf’s Urdu words into English, he (the Lawyer) shows his face to his client only while receiving Fee and thereafter is not available to the client.


  1. Somewhere near the end of 1980s, I was victim of swindling Kawasaki Motorcycle installment scheme.  For approaching the court, I needed a black coat.  Knowing none and unfamiliar with Lahore, I searched the Public Notices from Lawyers in the weekend edition of a Lahore daily.  My eyes stuck to a name Naeem Shibili Advocate his address reading ABC XYZ Associates.  This ABC XYZ was the name of a highly respectable internationally reputed Advocate of Gujrat the main untiring horse power in as-called “new birth” of the judiciary.  This name was and even in this too age is a symbol of professional self dignity for me.   I was aware of the system that the fresh interns take just a “table” in the chamber of some well known senior lawyer which not just lead them to experience but more importantly a plus “credit” in the professional market. Technically and administratively these juniors or are not direct employees or subordinates of the chamber owner. My satisfaction was the “chamber name” where he was sitting.  Selecting him, I wrote him about my case.  He consented to take up my case and advised me to send him an attested وکالت نامہindicating also how much would be his Fee.  I remitted him not just his quoted Fee, rather something substantial extra (according to those times purchasing power) to cover up expenses to keep me updated. Once or twice in early stage I heard from him. Later it was complete silence from him.  The case went ex-parte and I learnt that my advocate had shifted to Faisalabad.  Shifting to another city must had some  personal circumstances but as a professional he had at least a moral courtesy to inform his client so he could make some other alternate for the case let alone for refund of any Fees paid.


  1. Till then as generally we had not yet turned into what we are today en block a lawless society. Likewise till then the black coats had not turned into a black-water Force.  Though, however, the legal system was marred with a bit lawlessness viz black-marketing of papers by vendors, advocates having obtained cases above their daily capacity, not attending the hearings or early morning getting adjournment etc.  I approached Punjab Bar Council when I received a Hearing Notice from Faisalabad Bar Association.  At the very glance, it showed how biased and dishonest the secretary was. Just giving 6 days, the Secretary posted me this notice to a foreign country.   It reached me the evening when next early morning I was supposed to be in the Bar Association. During those days there was only one weekly flight between Bahrain and Karachi.  Faisalabad was not an international airport.  In addition, departure from abroad for expatriates needed legal procedural formalities to complete.


  1. The Hearing was on a complaint from a citizen.  And the complaint was against a member of this professional body, generally and academically, though wrongly presumed working to keep interests equally both of members and the litigants in addition to preserving the dignity of the profession.  As per the general concept under this hearing notice, both the complainant (me) and the defendant (the concerned lawyer) were supposed to be there before the Secretary.  But hold your breath.  As per the notice, I had to do four or five things.  25 plus years have eroded much of my memory.  The first thing I needed was to give to the Secretary the full address of the advocate concerned.  So, practically, it meant that I would have to be the only one appearing and not the lawyer.  I was supposed to trace the lawyer in the Faisalabad city. Secretary not having a complete list of the members leaves this million dollars question.  It could have by some luck taken a week or so in tracing my lawyer, inform the secretary and then, say in a month time again, a Hearing re-scheduled on which the lawyer to be found in Lahore appearing in high court or in his place like Ishaq Dar’s not trustable a medical certificate coming.  The second thing I was required to produce before the inefficient dishonest Secretary was my Lahore Court case number etc which, in the first instant I had never got my lawyer when I engaged him in Lahore and secondly the Secretary had held a hearing without any prior preparation only and only for delaying tactics.


  1. My Lordship, black coats fees are more important than medical college fees.


 Posted by at 5:22 pm
Jan 052018

Dr. Mehmood Ul Hassan Khan

Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are strategic partners. Diplomatic relations among Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are based on mutual respect, sharing unique commonalities of historical, religious and political nature. After the establishment of the formal diplomatic relations, there was no looking back and ties grew at a steady pace and the sky is the limit for their socio-economic integration, better political understanding and greater regional connectivity.

Infinite Bindings

Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have cultural, social, religious and civilizational ties. Right from the beginning, the governments and the political leaderships of these countries have been keen to further develop and consolidate the bond of friendship and brotherhood. These countries share commonality of opinion on different regional and international issues and supported each other on challenges faced. Turkish current presidency of the OIC has revolutionized its aims, utility and objectives. Azerbaijan and Turkish support on the issue of Kashmir create “strategic balance” in the region.

Trustworthy Bilateral Relations

Bilateral relations among these countries are constantly on the move, trade and economic ties have already been given new dimensions. Exchange of visits of Azerbaijan, Turkey and Pakistani leaders as well as the other high level delegations have played a pivotal role in cementing their socio-economic integration, greater regional cooperation and the last but not the least energy cooperation.

Greater Socio-Economic Integration

These countries have meaningful MOUs and agreements in political, economic, strategic, social, humanitarian, cultural and other sectors that were signed during these visits formed a solid legislative base. Further increasing of military cooperation among these countries has developed a new “strategic dimension” to their relationships which would be game changer in the days to come.

Misleading Information

Being regional expert on Azerbaijan and Central Asia, I personally witnessed an article published in daily English newspaper “Daily Times” on December 25, 2017 entitled Can Harissa act as an ice-breaker between Armenia and Pakistan? written by Sarmad Iqbal.

It lacked even basic knowledge about Azerbaijan’s national history, political struggle, and geography. It had some serious factual errors which need to be rectified in order to showcase the true picture of Azerbaijan and its principal policies towards Armenian and South Caucasus. Writer of this article seemed to be ill informed, biased and slanted towards Armenia. Sarmad Iqbal categorically tried to tarnish the bilateral relations of both the countries. So called pseudo-intellectual of this article had a blind inclination towards Armenia, the aggressor and “cultivation of genocide”.

Azerbaijan: A Civilized Country

The Republic of Azerbaijan is a civilized country whereas Armenia has already been labeled as conspirator. Azerbaijan is a decent country whereas Armenia has been categorized as destructer of humanity and enemy of economic development too. It has been notorious for its ethnic cleansing, prejudice, bigotry and state terrorism.

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Bleeding Wound of Azerbaijan

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the bleeding wound for the Republic of Azerbaijan which is also a looming security threat to the whole region of South Caucasus. Azerbaijan’s successive leaders and people have been striving hard to resolve Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Armenia which shows its firm belief in diplomacy and dialogue.

Constant Efforts of Azerbaijan

For the last 26 years the Republic of Azerbaijan has had been trying its best to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh within the “frame of possibilities” under true spirits of international law, rule of sovereignty, respect of human rights and the last but not the least, mutual respect.

Azerbaijan’s Principle Stance

Right from the beginning, the government of Azerbaijan’s took a principled stance that “Nagorno-Karabakh is an “integral part” of it. It has been using all diplomatic means to achieve the desired goal of de-occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts under illegal occupation of Armenia. Armenia has had been maintained aggressive policy towards people of Azerbaijan people living in territory of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other regions of the country.

Armenia: An Illegal Occupant

Armenia occupied more than 20 percent of Azerbaijan whereas Nagorno-Karabakh remained an ancient and historical part of Azerbaijan. Now the continued occupation of Azerbaijani territories by Armenian armed forces is a threat to peace and stability in the South Caucasus, as well as a source of destabilization for the region in the future. More than one million of Azerbaijanis became refugees and internally displaced persons.

Armenia’s Ethnic Cleansing

Armenia conducted the policy of ethnic cleansing against Azerbaijanis in Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other regions of Azerbaijan. According to Azerbaijan’s official figures over 3,800 people went missing due to Armenian aggression. Moreover, 872 out of 3,868 missing people were captured or became hostages of Armenian soldiers during intense combat action, and are currently kept in caption by them. “They are 591 military personnel and 291 civilians. The civilians include 29 children, 98 women and 111 elderly people.

Armenia: An Ultimate Aggressor

The Republic of Azerbaijan is not an aggressor as claimed by Sarmad Iqbal. Right of Azerbaijan on Nagorno-Karabakh territories is even recognized by the United Nations Security Council which adopted four resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 condemning the use of force against Azerbaijan and the occupation of its territories in 1993. It reaffirmed respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, reconfirmed that the Nagorno-Karabakh region is an integral part of Azerbaijan and demanded the immediate, full and unconditional withdrawal of the occupying forces from all the occupied territories.

Azerbaijan’s Demands

Moreover, it demanded, including in the first place the withdrawal of the occupying forces from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, have still not been implemented, and the mediation efforts conducted for the last 20 years within the framework of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) have also yet to yield desired results.

Act of Barbarism

Azerbaijan never used violence against Armenia as depicted by Sarmad Iqbal in his disorganized, disarrayed and misinformed article whereas Khojaly genocide was an ethnic cleansing of Armenia forces against helpless Azerbaijanis. It was an act of barbarism and naked use of military power but it could not produce any dint to the spirits of Azerbaijanis and Kashmiris who are still trying to liberate their occupied areas from Armenia and India.

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Potential “security threat” to South Caucasus & EU

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a potential “security threat” to South Caucasus and the European Union as well. Moreover, Armenia’s outdated Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), one of the most dangerous industrial facilities in the world, continues to threaten South Caucasus and the EU. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the U.S. and other western states have already objected to the reopening of the Metsamor NPP. Washington believes the design of the 407-megawatt Metsamor reactor is one of the world’s most dangerous.

Armenian Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant (NPP): A Looming Regional Security Threat

The EU has also branded the Metsamor NPP as a “serious danger” to the entire region. To protect their people the regional countries, Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Georgia have repeatedly urged Armenia to close the outdated Metsamor NPP immediately. However, Armenia still does not attach any particular importance to nuclear safety, which is a gross violation of the protocols of IAEA too.
Besides, the findings show that the Metsamor NPP was built in a nine-point seismic zone, while its reactor’s seismic resistance is designed for earthquakes with eight-point magnitude. Therefore, the NPP will not survive in case of an earthquake forcing nine points.

Given high seismic activity in the region, if a serious accident happens at the Metsamor NPP, not only Armenia, but also all the countries of the South Caucasus and Middle East regions would be badly affected in terms of severe health issues, drastic decrease in human fertility, lessening of agricultural productivity, polluted waters and seas and other problems.

Irresponsible Attitude of Armenia

Due to irresponsible attitude of Armenia today, all the countries in the region, including Iran, Turkey, Georgia, Russia and Azerbaijan are exposed to the threat of suffering the same fate of the Chernobyl and Fukushima NPPs. Rather than shut down an old Metsamor nuclear power plant, which is located in a seismic zone, the Armenian government decided to extend its service life for a few more years. Thus, the reckless Armenian government puts the whole region at risk by its irresponsible attitude to the problem. The international community should join forces to make Armenia to reckon with the interests of its neighbors and to provide security of their population.

Armenian War Obsession

Its constant purchase of arms may start a race of arms in the region due to which brighten prospects of economic development may be diminished. Armenian martial posturing has been rated as serious security threat to all the regional countries. Armenian persuasion of Nazi ideology may also spoil the basic core and philosophy of the European Union, modern political system and democratization. Its systematic and secretive ways and means to maintain “status quo” would be disastrous for the region and beyond.

Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict’s Multiplier Effects

Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent districts namely Kalbajar, Lachin, Qubadli, Jabrayil, Zangilan, Agdam and Fuzuli have been under illegal occupation of Armenia for more than 26 years. Life has been stagnated. Economy has been worsened. Social life and society has been sieged and caged in all the illegally occupied territories. Moreover, climate, nature and natural resources have been polluted because of criminal psycho of Armenia. Physical infrastructure has been demolished. Cultural buildings have been flattened. Agricultural activities have also been diminished in these areas.

Colossal Collateral Damages

According to many research reports due to Nagorno-Karabakh conflict more than Azerbaijan 890 cities, villages and settlements, 102 thousand dwelling houses, 7000 public buildings, 695 healthcare facilities, 693 secondary schools, 927 libraries, 310 industrial and building enterprises, 464 historical monuments and museums, 6 state theaters and concert studios have been completely destroyed in the occupied territories.

Azerbaijan’s Policy of Refrainment

Azerbaijan always follows the policy of refrainment whereas Armenia always pursues the path of escalation. Azerbaijan has always been open for dialogue whereas Armenia undertakes consistent measures to consolidate the results of its occupation policy and to maintain unacceptable and unsustainable status quo. It undermines efforts for the peaceful resolution of the conflict through hidden activities. Holding of military drills, census, resettlement of Syrian Armenian, referendum and elections are the serious violations of international law and ceasefire agreement.

Azerbaijan’s Policy of Peace

Azerbaijan never violated truce whereas Armenia has been conducting systematic, deliberate and targeted attacks on civilian population encompassing inter alia women, children and elderly residing in the densely populated areas adjacent to the frontline.
Moreover, Armenia’s direct and deliberate attacks against the Azerbaijani civilian population and civilian objects, constitute a serious violation of international humanitarian and human rights law, in particular the 1949 Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol I thereto, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

Azerbaijan has repeatedly brought to the attention of the international community that the primary reason of the tension and incidents in the frontline and major impediment to the resolution of the conflict is the unlawful presence of the armed forces of Armenia in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan.

Armenia Changes Demographic, Cultural and Physical Character

Armenia illegally changes the demographic, cultural and physical character of the occupied territories. Moreover, it engages in negative economic and other activities, including transfer of Armenian population into these territories with the ultimate goal change the nature of demography. Armenia also undermines and puts under jeopardy the regional and international peace and security. It is also against the true spirits of international law.

Armenia Cultural & Heritage Terrorism

Armenia is notorious for cultural and heritage terrorism. Since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and occupation of Azerbaijani territories, Armenian aggressors badly looted Azerbaijan’s rich cultural treasures. Armenian is purposefully extinguishing Azerbaijan’s culture, heritage and historical places, buildings and monuments.

Armenia completely destroyed historical & architectural monuments 1200, looted museums 27, indulged in illegal export of valuable items 100,000, demolished religious monuments 152, ruined mosques 62, burnt books 4,600,000, devastated libraries/ Holy Quran and rare Islamic manuscripts 927. Armenia “the mosque destroyer” cannot be friend of any Muslim country. Moreover, “human’s culture and heritage” is a “common asset” to all and diversity of humanity, faith, sect, belief and political understanding must be valued and respected.

Azerbaijan’s Lawful Right on Nagorno-Karabakh

Azerbaijan has been highlighted its lawful right on Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent districts at every regional as well as international forum including, UN Security Council, World Economic Forum, Economic Cooperation Organization, Organization of Islamic Countries, Munich Security Council, OSCE Minsk Group, European Parliament and World Cultural Forum etc. UN Security Council adopted four resolutions about illegal occupation of Armenia and instructed it to de-occupy Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent districts which have not yet been implemented because of “dubious character of international power brokers and “double standard” of international organizations.

OIC: Diehard Supporter

Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) is die hard supporter of Azerbaijan and always advocates its right over Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent districts. It always condemns Armenian military atrocities at line of contact. It has also formed a contact group on this specific issue. Non Aligned Movement (NAM) and Organisation of African Unity (OAU) have also showed their support to Azerbaijan against Armenia, the illegal occupant.

Turkey’s Support to Azerbaijan

While visiting Baku, Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan termed the Nagorno-Karabakh issue as bleeding wound for Turkey as for Azerbaijan. “Unfortunately, unless Armenia ends occupation of the Azerbaijani territories, this issue will not be resolved,” he said. He stressed the occupation should be immediately ended on the basis of the principles of territorial integrity, sovereignty and inviolability of borders of Azerbaijan. He also strongly condemned provocations targeting the civilian population along with Armenia’s occupation policy. Furthermore, while addressing to the72nd session of the UN General Assembly he once again stressed that restoration of the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and Georgia must for peace in the South Caucasus region.

Pakistan’s Brotherly Association with Azerbaijan

Pakistan still does not recognize Armenia as an independent state because of its occupation of Azerbaijani territories. Its Parliament and Senate and the standing committee on foreign affairs has demonstrated solidarity with the government and people of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It condemned the occupation of Azerbaijani territories by Armenia and the genocide committed by Armenian armed forces in the Azerbaijani town of Khojaly on February 26, 1992 against civilian population. Turkey, Saudi Arabia and even Djibouti did not establish diplomatic relations with aggressor Armenia because of illegal occupation of Azerbaijani territories.

Pakistan reaffirmed the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the republic of Azerbaijan within its internationally recognized borders. It demanded implementation of resolutions of the UN Security council and the UN General assembly on immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of all Armenian forces from all the occupied territories of Azerbaijan and calls upon the international community and international organizations to urge Armenia for the implementation of these decisions. It supported the efforts of the Republic of Azerbaijan to resolve the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict by peaceful means. But sorry to say, so-called Pakistani Sarmad Iqbal writer has tried to spoil the trustworthy bilateral relations of Pakistan with strategic partners like Azerbaijan and Turkey with his misconceived article published in the daily times.

Falsified Fantasies

Sarmad Iqbal by claiming Harissa an Armenian dish falsified fantasied it icebreaker between Pakistan and Armenia. First of all Harissa is not an Armenian dish. It is originated from Arabian soil and nourished from the experience of centuries. Poor fellow Sarmad Iqbal does not know mere Harissa cannot be icebreaker because of Armenian hideous crimes against humanity and helpless Azerbaijan people living in occupied areas. It is matter of human blood not baking powder. It is not matter of taste alone it is also matter of trust, traditions and tumults where Azerbaijanis laid their precious lives for their beloved country.

Baseless Linguistic Doctrine

Sarmad Iqbal’s hypothesis based on “linguistic doctrine” is not valid in the context of Pakistan and Armenia. Pakistan and India being two different countries do share unlimited commonalities of words which are not deemed to qualify to ignore its perpetual state’s terrorism, atrocities and crimes against Kashmiris for so many years. Being two different nations, we still share commonalities of history, culture, heritage and traditions but there is no compromise and substitute on national’s sovereignty, and territorial respect. Azerbaijan’s culture is rich enough to flourish and does not require any “alien land” like Armenia’s borrowed concept of food, music, living or survival. Azerbaijan is full of life, color, energy and humanity. Azerbaijan is icon of multiculturalism whereas Armenia is the champion of ethnic cleansing.

The said writer in his article purposefully mentioned the name of Aghri Dagh as Ararat plain. Aghridagh (Armenians purposefully call it as Ararat) is a mountain in historical part of Turkey which Armenia claims as the territory of “Great Armenia (United Armenia)”, even showing some other Turkish territories in the constitution of Armenia as Armenian territories without any evidence as well. It is violation of international law. People of Azerbaijan and Turkey are patriots having emotional attachment with its geographies, lands, seas and mountains and such stupidity of this writer may not be good for both the countries.

Azerbaijan: Fascinating Country

The Republic of Azerbaijan is a fascinating country where Armenia is a fanatic in its nature. Azerbaijan has achieved tremendous socio-economic prosperity, geo-political stability and geo-strategic importance after the restoration of independence in 1991 under the leadership of National Leader H.E. Heydar Aliyev and President H.E. Ilham Aliyev whereas brain drain is the hallmark of Armenian macro-economy.

Azerbaijan: A Prosper Country

Azerbaijan is a prosper country and Armenia is a poor country. Azerbaijan is now a regional economic leader in the South Caucasus and an important economic actor in the Caspian region. Its GDP is 75 percent of South Caucasus. It introduced market economy, economic liberalization and privatization which motivated private sector to lead. It attracted more than $200-250 billion FDIs in the country, the highest in the region. Azerbaijan has been appreciated by all major international institutions, including the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Islamic Development Bank, and Asian Development Bank for its rebuts socio-economic development during the last 26 years whereas Armenia has been bracketed as “failed state”.

Azerbaijan: Pride of all Muslim Countries

The development and achievements of Azerbaijan is a pride of all Muslim countries and an example of good governance for a number of countries. Moreover, Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was the first democratic republic in the Muslim world. One of the achievements of the republic was that women were granted with the right to vote much earlier than in many European countries whereas Armenia is seriously denying basic human rights to its citizens due to which human misery is rampant, unemployment, price hike and debts burden are at sky high in the country.

Azerbaijan’s Contributory Role

Azerbaijan has now become a force that plays an important role in determining the course of regional and global politics. It had been elected a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Azerbaijan honorably served its term in the Security Council and continues its active participation in the international life. It has become the center of a number of global projects, a platform of dialogue between civilizations and cultures, the venue for major cultural and sporting events whereas Armenia has been caged in deep isolation and denial of true norms of democracy is the order of the day in it.

Further Strengthening of Diplomatic Relations

Further strengthening of diplomatic relations among Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are getting momentum in these days. Their relations are “Game Changer” which has further strengthened after various reciprocal high officials visits during which leaders discussed on the high-level political cooperation. Recent reciprocal high official visits have totally transformed concept of bilateral relations. Now Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are more connected because of greater socio-economic integration which has also further brightened the future prospects of foreign direct investments (FDIs), joint ventures (JVs) and energy cooperation. These countries signed a joint declaration which depicted their resolve to enhance and diversify the already dynamic relations. Both countries showed satisfaction on political relations which now are steadily growing.

Enhanced Military Cooperation

Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have also explored chances of further military cooperation and defense production. Azerbaijan and Pakistan have a very good cooperation in the military sphere. Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have unique plans regarding the joint military drills of their armed forces. A transnational military-industrial complex between Pakistan, Azerbaijan, and Turkey is now under serious consideration.

Dawn of Trilateral Cooperation

Most recently, the three countries held their first trilateral talks in Baku. The three countries have defence related agreements in the past with each other, but are now looking towards creating a trilateral format of defence cooperation, which could prove vital given the strategic location each country has in its own region. The foundation of the new trilateral Azerbaijan-Pakistan-Turkey cooperation was laid and 1st Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs held in Baku, on November 30, 2017. The Pakistan-Azerbaijan-Turkey trilateral format has emerged as an innovative and important platform for devising common strategies and developing several projects for joint benefits of the countries.

Strategic Importance of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway

Turkey’s Foreign Minister has encouraged Pakistan to use the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, which was built on the basis of the Azerbaijani-Georgian-Turkish interstate agreement. Since Turkey is already a close ally of Azerbaijan, given their history and involvement with Armenia, Pakistan’s addition to the mix will also aid Baku in their struggle. It could also mean Turkey and Azerbaijan reciprocating with increased support to Pakistan over the Kashmir dispute.

Earlier the three countries closely cooperate in the defence industry in a bilateral format which should be transformed into a tripartite format of cooperation wherein these three countries can establish joint ventures for the production of defence products and develop cooperation.

Strategic Importance of Trilateral Cooperation

After laying foundation and starting trilateral cooperation Armenia became more disappointed with this cooperation and started to use all its possibilities to spoil this cooperation, even using such unexperienced persons as Sarmad Iqbal from Pakistan. The said writer claimed that Pakistan is harsh towards Armenia because of Azerbaijan and Turkey which is baseless and factually incorrect. Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are brotherly countries and there are no hidden agendas between the three, keeping in view their relationship in the historical context along with the regional peace and stability.

7th Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process

Moreover, the 7th Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process meeting in Baku is a timely and relevant event which shows the collective commitment of the participating countries to work together to provide peace in Afghanistan.

Joint Declaration

The 7th Ministerial Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA), titled “Security and Economic Connectivity towards a Strengthened Heart of Asia Region”, adopted the Baku Declaration on December 1 2017. It reaffirmed its commitment to the UN Charter and its enshrined principles of sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, inviolability of internationally recognized borders, sovereign equality of nations and non-intervention in the internal affairs of other states as well as universally recognized principles and norms of international law. It reiterated the importance of increased political dialogue and consultation between the countries comprising the Heart of Asia for a stable, peaceful and prosperous region.

It reiterated the obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the political independence, territorial integrity, or sovereignty of any state. It reaffirmed its commitment to develop friendly relations among HoA countries based on good neighborly relations, peaceful co-existence, and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries.
It strongly called for concerted regional and international cooperation to ensure elimination of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including dismantling of terrorist sanctuaries and safe havens, preventing and interdicting the movement of terrorists and terrorist groups, including foreign terrorist fighters, across the countries of the Heart of Asia region, as well as disrupting all financial, tactical, logistical or any other support for terrorism without any distinction.

Irrational Decision of Armenia

The Armenian President Sargysyan, in his speech during the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly on 19 September 2017, made groundless claims blaming Turkey for the delay in the ratification of the Protocols and stated that they will declare the Protocols null and void in the absence of progress and meet the spring of 2018 without those Protocols. The statement states that despite Armenia’s negative stance on the Protocols, Turkey is committed to the primary clauses of the Protocols.

Turkey Logical Response

Turkey says these Protocols are still on the agenda of the Turkish Grand National Assembly’s Foreign Affairs Commission and for their ratification, it is essential that a favorable political atmosphere and peace in the South Caucasus is secured. Turkey’s primary target pertaining to the Protocols process is to realize the normalization of relations between Turkey and Armenia in such a way that, comprehensive peace and stability in the South Caucasus is provided. In this vein, it is necessary that in the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict progress is achieved, based on Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity and in light of the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council. In any case, Armenia must put an end to its invasion of Azerbaijan’s territories.

On its part, Azerbaijan has urged neighbor Armenia to end an occupation of Azerbaijani lands and stop propagating baseless claims against Turkey for sustainable peace and security in the region.

Previously, Turkey and Armenia signed two protocols to rebuild diplomatic ties and bilateral relations in 2009. The protocols proposed an impartial scientific examination of historical records and archives, as well as the mutual recognition of boundaries in order to restore confidence between the two nations, in a bid to find solutions to existing problems.
Turkish Foreign Ministry in a statement on Dec. 14 rebutted Armenian claims, saying Turkey was still committed to the primary clauses of the protocols and their ratification was on the agenda of Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Commission “despite negative attitude and statements by Armenian officials.

Baseless Allegations

Moreover, “The Armenian allegations of ‘genocide’ in 1915 against Turkey are baseless and examples of ‘fraudulent history’ used for ‘political gains. Turkey says the deaths of Armenians in eastern Anatolia in 1915 occurred after a group of Armenian nationalists sided with invading Russian forces and revolted against the Ottoman army. The subsequent relocation of Armenians resulted in numerous casualties. Turkey describes the events of 1915 as a tragedy for both sides and Ankara has repeatedly proposed the formation of a joint commission of Turkish and Armenian historians, along with international experts, to address the issue.

Armenia uses the “genocide” discourse for political gains but does not mention about Armenian atrocities in Anatolia during World War I, in 1918 Baku or the 1992 Khojaly Massacre, where 613 Azerbaijanis were killed by Armenian forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Concluding Remarks

Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey relations are based on a concept of “shared prosperity” and on rigorous commercial diplomacy and are consolidated on greater socio-economic connectivity, better political understanding and geo-strategic cooperation and increasing military cooperation. The three countries have unlimited opportunities for further strengthening of bilateral relations. The further strengthening of socio-economic ties and the development of trade and business
Relations among these countries will be beneficial to all.

Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have reiterated further strengthening existing bilateral ties through enhanced interaction between the public and private sectors by using rigorous commercial diplomacy, regional connectivity and greater socio-economic integration. All three countries are also very keen to further enhance bilateral, economic and commercial relations with special focus on improving the deteriorating energy situation in the country.

The government of Pakistan considers the central Asia region and South Caucasus reliable security partner in the rapidly changing geo-political and geo-strategic world. In the ongoing war against terrorism and mushroom growth of non-state actors, rise of human and drug trafficking nexus, achieving greater socio-economic prosperity, better political understanding and greater regional peace and stability, the governments of Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are now initiating serious “Security Dialogue” to mitigate these spillover repercussions. The start of trilateral military cooperation among Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey is giant step towards greater regional peace, harmony and security. It will provide a “Strategic cushion” for all the participating countries.

The government of Azerbaijan has been remained center of interfaith harmony, tolerance, dialogue and development since its inception. It initiated many meaningful international forums and as well as conducted various seminars and conference to showcase its strong commitment towards international dialogue, partnership and cooperation between Muslim and Europe. It also started “Baku Process” which was also supported by the UN whereas Armenia has been isolated due to its perpetual aggressive policies and actions against all the regional countries in South Caucasus. The Republic of Azerbaijan’s main principles and requirements in the peace process are i.e. Armenia’s withdrawal from the occupied Nagorno-Karabakh and adjacent territories, and Nagorno-Karabakh’s remaining within Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan always expresses its readiness to grant Nagorno-Karabakh the highest status under international law and practice.

Diplomacy is a complicated discipline which requires perfection and greater political understanding about different emerging socio-economic, geo-political and geo-strategic issues. Diplomacy also attaches elements of sensitivity, utmost care of bilateral relations and ostracism of self-prejudice.

Sarmad Iqbal must reconcile his personal vested interests and take care about bilateral relations of Pakistan with Azerbaijan and Turkey. We are strategic partners having lots of commonalities of history, culture, traditions and civilization. We have close trade and commerce ties which must not be spoiled by writing an absurd article which has no factual basis. We have strategic trilateral format of cooperation which needs to be further strengthened and productive for the benefits of all the participating countries. Armenia is an aggressor and destroyer of “holy mosque” which cannot be friend of any Muslim country.

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