By Aftab Ahmad Khan
Corruption is rampant in much of the developing world. It is pervasive at all levels of public management including the deliberate mismanagement of national economies for gain. Despite stringent anti-corruption laws and permanent commissions/boards to curb it in a number of countries, it reigns supreme. In many parts off the world, its sweep is so wide that the public at large feel that the battle to curb it is futile and they are tolerating it without protest.
Corruption has been defined in a variety of ways by social scientists. However, for purposes of identifying corrupt practices and comparisons across systems, the most satisfactory definition is the one given by I. Nye: (corruption is behaviour which deviates from the formal duties of a public role (elective or appointive) because of private consideration regarding (personal, close family, private clique) wealth or status gains; or violates rules against the exercise of certain types of private privileges regarding influence. Corruption is thus an illicit form of influence employed by people and groups to get things they want from government and its functionaries or to prevent actions they do not want.Read More »Corruption: its deleterious impact on public administration and development