Migraine is a neurological disease

A migraine is a very painful type of headache. People who get migraine often describe the pain as pulsing or throbbing in one area of the head or specific side of half head. During migraines, people are very sensitive to light and sound. Migraine is three times more common in women than in men.

Some people can tell when they are about to have a migraine because they see flashing lights or zigzag tines or they temporarily lose their vision. Many things can trigger a migraine.

These include: Anxiety, stress, lack of food or sleep, exposure to light, hormonal changes in women, pain typically on one side of the head, pain has a pulsating or throbbing quality, nausea or vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound, visual disturbances or aura, exertion such as climbing stairs makes headache worse.

Doctors used to believe migraines were linked to the opening and narrowing of blood vessels in the head. Now they believe the cause is related to genes that control the activity of some brain cells. Medicines can help prevent migraine attacks or help relieve symptoms of attacks when they happen. For many people, treatments to relieve stress can also help. The most commonly thought of symptom is headache.

Usually migraine causes episodes of severe or moderate headache (which is often one-sided and pulsating) lasting from several hours to three days, accompanied by gastrointestinal upsets, such as nausea and vomiting.


Many factors may contribute to the occurrence of migraine attacks. They are known as trigger factors and may include diet, sleep, activity, psychological issues as well as many other factors. The use of a diary to record events that may play a role in causing the headaches can be useful for you and your healthcare provider.

Avoidance of identifiable trigger factors reduce the number of headaches a patient may experience. Regular exercise and avoidance of nicotine may also help migraine management. Non-pharmacological techniques for control of migraine are helpful to some patients. These include biofeedback, physical medicine, and counselling. These, as with most elements of migraine, need to be individualised to the patient.


If patients have frequent migraine attacks and the migraine specific medications are ineffective or contraindicated because of other medical problems, then preventive medications should be given to reduce the migraine frequency and improve the response to the acute migraine medicines. Cost considerations also may lead to increased use of preventive medications. There is a host of alternative choices for patients whose headaches do not respond to the first line medications. These include calcium channel blockers, NSAIDs, a variety of antidepressants and several miscellaneous medications.


Different types of medicines are used for migraine prevention. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved five drugs for migraine prevention.

— TOPAMAX(r) (topiramate) tablets

— Methysergide

— Propranolol

— Timolol

— Divalproex sodium

As with any prescription medicine, it’s important to carefully follow the instructions on the label as well as your doctor’s advice. Use these migraine prevention medicines only under the direction of a doctor familiar with migraine prevention therapy.


Even though migraine prevention medicine helps stop migraine headaches before they occur, you could still have occasional migraine headaches. To ease the pain of these “breakthrough” migraine headaches, your doctor may also prescribe a pain relief medicine.


Learning techniques to gain control over the body’s responses to migraine headaches; progressive muscle relaxation and meditation are examples.

Headaches may appear very frequently. Generally disappear after few hours, the most common reason being stress or fatigue. What is to be done?

If there are no serious reasons, headaches can be treated with simple methods, like getting some fresh air or washing the face with cold water. Ethereal oils may prove very beneficial in case of headache. Several drops of mint oil applied and massaged on the forehead can make miracles.

Another method in case of headache is to wash your arms with cold water and dry them in a towel with energetic moves. Cataplasm with onions may be helpful. Cut an onion into slices and apply them on the nape zone. Cover the back of the head with a scarf or towel and try to relax.

Hardhay plant could be a very good remedy as well. A tea may be brewed from dried plant. Don’t forget to relax and get rid of the low spirits.

Courtesy: World Times


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